Gender Mainstreaming - Main Users / Purpose
|Women and men, partly separated in groups, Government officials, decision makers, community members.|
Potentials can be explored with the development of equal and equitable living conditions for both men and women, this greatly contributes towards reaching development goals and improving economic development. However, these development goals are contrasted by traditional values, which are in many cases major obstacles for gender oriented development. Therefore, the process of gender mainstreaming is a long term objective. Unfortunately Gender is a cross-cutting issue, which is often marginalised in favour of other dominant subjects. Gender mainstreaming plays an important role in:
Gender mainstreaming is a strategy or a holistic approach to incorporate gender issues and gender awareness into all aspects of an institution’s policy and activities. This is done by focusing on gender equity and gender equality in all fields of operation. The wider the field of policy making, capacity building, human resource development and awareness creation is addressed, the more likely the desired development impact is achieved.
The objectives are:
Gender issues are often mentioned with participatory bottom-up approaches, although gender equality and equity can be also developed and performed in top-down oriented institutions. All activities on gender mainstreaming are based on the experience, that there is no gender-neutral policy. Institutions, enterprises, programmes, projects, laws, regulations and measures have to contribute towards eliminating the inequities and inequalities between women’s and men’s opportunities. Gender mainstreaming is an integrated process, dealing not only with issues of balancing the statistics within an organisation. In the long term, it promotes lasting changes in parental roles, family structures, institutional practices, the organisation of labour and time, personal development and independence. A basic principle of gender mainstreaming is the systematic consideration of the differences between conditions, situations and needs of women and men in community policies and activities. The overall objective of gender equality policy comprises:
The method shows ways to identify inequalities within communities, institutions or other contexts and discusses approaches to eliminate them.