District Strategic Planning - Main Users / Purpose
|Mayors, councillors, local governments, NGOs, development organisations|
Worldwide political changes has given rise to the necessity to address local demands and the need to bring economic and political systems closer to local communities. On the one hand, economic mobility has led to the creation of supernational bodies to manage the growing economic integration amongst nations. On the other hand, more and more “public” services can be efficiently provided by decentralized (and often private) organizations. Finally, the sheer collapse of central economic systems has been an important impetus for the emergence of regional and local governments in the political and economic process.
Local self-governments are meant to be more responsive to their citizens and decision-making is to be more transparent and predictable. Opportunities for poor to voice their opinions are to be strengthened. Frail democratic systems should be strengthened in order to render the electoral system to greater accountability. Strong local participation can overcome weak formal election systems, but powerful elites make this difficult in many places. Formation of an association or council of local self-governments is one approach for counter-acting the power of the elites and existing central administrations. In many countries the existing legal framework provides sufficient scope for the formation of associations. The success of the associations is often dependent upon: