Delineation of Rural Hinterland  Principles and General Procedures
Distance Matrix
Step 1:All travel distances between all urban centres and villages along the roads are measured. Step 2:The obtained travel distance can be converted into travel time by using data on speed for the various kinds of road links and transportation opportunities. Step 3:The distances or the time values down the columns or across the rows are summed up. Step 4:The urban places with the premium value supplies all others at minimized transportation costs. According to the locational values the degree of integration can be identified. Table 1: Settlement Distance Matrix


Next Opportunity MatrixThe general character of the distance matrix restricts its use and interpretation. A more detailed picture will be gained from the next opportunity matrix which combines two tools with each other; the functional matrix and the distance matrix. The rationale behind the model is the assumption that consumers minimize transportation efforts under the condition that all other factors are equal.Step 1:The basic idea consist in the proposal to go through the functional matrix row by row and to identify blanks or unavailable functions.Step 2:Then the next location to the urban place under consideration is identified within the matrix where the missing function is available.Step 3:The identified transportation costs are incorporated into the next opportunity matrix.Step 4:Going through all the functions and scanning up all the values the total interaction effort is indicated by the last column. Table 2: Settlement Next Opportunity Matrix


The finding of the next opportunity matrix can be interpreted in
The results of the next opportunity matrix provides first insights into interaction patterns. The method also helps avoid complicated empirical studies. It is possible to estimate demand patterns, to distinguish between integrated and nonintegrated areas to derive some ideas for the allocation of investments in connection with new infrastructure facilities. 